Sedation dentistry is most commonly used during extensive procedures for patients with dental phobia or for patients who find it difficult to sit still. At Caring for Kids and Parents, we offer two different kinds of sedatives; nitrous oxide ("laughing gas") and oral sedatives. With the use of nitrous oxide, we can calm patients with dental phobia, low pain tolerance, major dental treatment, physical handicaps, or strong gag reflexes.
Oral sedation is endorsed by the American Dental Association and is an effective way to make many patients comfortable during their dental visit. Before using an oral sedative, it is important to tell your dentist about any medications or medical treatments you are receiving. Before administering any sedative or anesthetic, your dentist will talk to you about the process of sedation and pre- and post-sedation instructions. The use of oral sedatives requires someone to drive you to and from your dental visit.
Nitrous oxide, more commonly known as laughing gas, is often used as a conscious sedative during a dental visit. The gas is administered with a mixture of oxygen and has a calming effect that helps phobic or anxious patients relax during their dental treatment. Because it is a mild sedative, patients are still conscious and can talk to their dentist during their visit. After treatment, the nitrous is turned off and oxygen is administered for 5 to10 minutes to help flush any remaining gas. The effects wear off almost immediately. Nitrous oxide rarely has side effects, although some patients may experience minor nausea and constipation. Your doctor will provide you with pre- and post-sedation instructions.